Cats are beautiful and intelligent, sociable and playful. They give their love and affection to the hosts and their guests. Therefore, many have these animals at home. For cats to live fully and happily, you need to know what is needed for their health.
Cats are independent and strong animals. Already from 1-1, 5 months, a mother-cat through games teaches kittens to hunt, toilet, cleanliness. A lot is inherent in feline instincts, which is why for a full life and well-being of a pet, a person must only provide him with everything he needs. The rest of the cat will do for itself. Proper nutrition is the key to the health of any living creature. Only a complete and balanced diet can provide the animal with all the necessary substances. Lack of vitamins and minerals will have a detrimental effect on your pet: on its internal state and appearance. In matters of nutrition, there are only several ways. Feed the cat with homemade food (cereals, soups), fish can also be attributed to it, or feed special food for animals. The first option is the simplest. You give the cat what you eat yourself. Boil fish for her or give it raw, whichever she prefers. Such a diet is possible, but at the same time it must be balanced. If your pet is deficient in certain substances, this will adversely affect its health. It is also worth noting that when cats are fed raw fish, the pet may develop kidney stones. In addition, raw fish can contain parasites. That is why it is better to boil fish. And pamper your pet with it no more than once a week. Special food for cats is the right choice. They are made under the supervision of veterinarians and scientists. That is why cat food is balanced in composition and contains all the necessary substances. However, there are pitfalls here too. You shouldn't buy cheap food for your pet. First, they are made from low-quality, second-rate raw materials. Hence the low price. Secondly, the composition of such feeds is not balanced, which means that the pet will have a deficiency or excess of any substances. And thirdly, you will not save at all on cheap feeds. Various additives and imbalances in food will force your pet to consume much more than necessary. Accordingly, cheap feed is eaten faster, and the cost of purchasing it is not justified. Yes, and such nutrition can undermine the health of the pet, and treatment will require funds. Expensive feeds are balanced in composition. You can buy them in specialized pet stores. Each package contains a table of measures of how many grams of food your pet needs per day. Do not forget that if you feed your cat dry food, it should always have access to water. It is also worth remembering that cats are far from eating 4-5 times a day. Therefore, there should always be food in the bowl. However, if the food is perishable, then of course you should not leave it outdoors. Another important component of the cat's diet is fresh green grass. This can be lawn grass, sprouted millet, or wheat. But do not pick weeds near roads and in the city, where the atmosphere is polluted. It is better to grow the weed in a pot at home. Otherwise, your favorite flower may fall prey. Cats eat grass not for nutrients, but to cleanse their stomachs. Being very clean, they lick their fur several times a day. And some hair gets swallowed. The animal is unable to digest them. That is why they eat weed to provoke the regurgitation of hairballs and undigested food debris (such as bones). Cats do this procedure several times a month, so you shouldn't be disturbed or afraid of them. The cat's litter box should always be clean. Otherwise, the cat may go in the wrong place. You can train your cat to relieve itself directly in the toilet. Or use special fillers. This will make your task easier, since the litter box will not need to be cleaned every time. Another important item for a pet is a scratching post. She must be in the house. Otherwise, the cat will sharpen its claws on its favorite furniture or tear the wallpaper. For cats, clipping is an important physiological process; if necessary, you can trim your pet's nails very carefully without damaging the skin, otherwise you can get an infection. But it is better to entrust this activity to the cat itself. Veterinarians now advise all animals to be vaccinated. But any injection has its own side effects. Therefore, it is worth considering everything well before going for an injection. If your cat is a homebody and does not go outside, then the likelihood of contracting rabies and other similar diseases is minimal, but even a domestic cat needs parasite prophylaxis. The pet store may advise you on special antihelminthic drugs. But if this is not possible, you can use the usual drugs for worms from the pharmacy. In this case, the dosage should be taken as for small children. The period of increased sexual activity remains a very serious issue in the health of cats. It is especially dangerous for females. If the estrus period does not end with pregnancy, and this happens over the years, a number of diseases of the reproductive system, up to cancer, can occur. However, you should not abuse hormonal drugs to calm the animal. They deal a serious blow to the cat's body. Always follow the directions strictly or even lower the recommended dosage. If you are not ready to babysit the kittens and look for new owners for them, you may need to undergo a neutering operation.