The high egg production of chickens depends on many factors, such as weather, season, housing conditions, age, health status, etc. But feeding remains the most important factor in egg production.
To increase the egg production of chickens, it is necessary, first of all, to feed the birds evenly, preferably at the same time. Both overfeeding and underfeeding have an equally bad effect on the quality and quantity of eggs.
Morning feeding is best done immediately after the chickens wake up. In winter, with a reduced daylight hours, in order to increase the working day, the birds begin feeding with additional lighting. It is recommended to start the first feeding with wet mash of boiled potatoes or a variety of ground grains. Bran with the addition of crushed eggshells and kitchen waste is also suitable.
In the evening, chickens are fed an hour before they roost. Especially the observance of this condition is necessary for chickens of the Brama breed. It is necessary to calculate the hour of the last feeding in such a way that they have eaten the prescribed rate by this time. Also, chickens need to pour grain, it is good if it is different every day. For example, today - oats, tomorrow - wheat, and the day after tomorrow - barley.
The quality, quantity and value of future eggs largely depends on the quality of the feed and its norms. Laying hens need to be provided with a diet rich in proteins, fats and carbohydrates, as well as mineral salts and vitamins. Only in this case can you get the maximum number of eggs, because malnutrition will not only reduce egg production, but also significantly increase the amount of feed consumed. Feeding rates are compiled depending on the actual and planned productivity of the bird. Moreover, it is important that egg production increases well even without the use of chemicals.
It is advisable to prepare food for chickens in advance to avoid a decrease in egg production. The most popular methods are yeast, as well as chopping and sprouting.
Yeast is a process where a kilogram of feed is mixed with 30 grams of fresh yeast dissolved in 1.5 liters of warm water. The resulting mass is stirred and left for 6-9 hours in a warm place, the room temperature should be 20-25оС. The finished feed is added to the hens in the mash at the rate of 20 grams per day per chicken.
Usually oats, barley and wheat are germinated. The process should take place indoors at a temperature of at least 20 ° C. Grain is soaked in warm water for a day, and then sprinkled in a thin layer on special trays. It is mixed three times a day. On average, the entire procedure takes three days. Grain is considered a ready-made feed when sprouts appear in half a centimeter.