The liver is an organ involved in all vital processes. It helps cleanse the blood, eliminate harmful substances from the body, and takes part in digestion. Due to its participation in various functions of the body, this organ is capable of undergoing a variety of diseases. Studies show that about 3% of diseases in dogs are associated with liver function.
Liver disease in dogs: causes
The liver has many functions and interacts with various processes that take place in the dog's body. Therefore, this organ is susceptible to the negative effects of various factors, among which it is worth highlighting the following:
- bacterial infection;
- improper nutrition;
- abuse of vaccinations;
- substances harmful to health.
Symptoms of liver disease in dogs:
- loss of appetite and occasional vomiting, diarrhea or constipation;
- frequent urination and excessive thirst;
- chronic weight loss;
- lethargy and decreased activity;
- a swollen belly due to the accumulation of fluid;
- yellow color of the eyeballs and gums;
- pain in the abdomen;
- behavioral changes, such as aimless walking and whirling;
- The urine is orange due to an increased level of bilirubin, since bile is not properly processed;
- faeces are pale gray in color.
Liver disease in dogs: treatment
Although the symptoms of liver disease are mild, early treatment may well save a dog's life, as the liver is the only organ capable of complete regeneration. At the first suspicion of animal health problems, you should seek qualified help from a veterinarian.
The change in diet should ensure the production of energy and nutrients that are needed to improve the regeneration of liver cells. The dietary food includes easily digestible carbohydrates, for example, rice. In addition, eggs are needed. For dogs that eat dry food, it is best to give a special dietary food. The daily diet should be divided into 4-6 small portions.
Since the liver functions to break down complex chemicals, reducing the burden on the liver will help reduce the consumption of chemical preservatives and artificial additives. Sugar, chocolate, bones and tomatoes should be excluded from the diet of a dog suffering from liver disease. Daily intake of mineral supplements and vitamins can be very beneficial. It is worth remembering, however, that dietary changes should be based on diagnosis and are best discussed with your veterinarian.
If the liver disease was caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. If you have more serious problems, such as anemia or cancer, additional medical attention is needed.
Occasionally, homeopathic treatments and herbal treatments can also be used to treat liver disease in dogs. Some of the natural remedies are capable of repairing damaged liver cells and helping to detoxify the blood. With hepatitis A, it is useful to add various infusions and decoctions of herbs to the dog's water - string, sage leaves, oregano, chamomile, licorice, blueberries.
A dog suffering from liver disease should lead a calm and measured lifestyle, not overwork or nervous.
To prevent liver disease in dogs, you need to monitor the quality of feed. The food of the animal must be balanced.