The ability to change its color is one of the unique ways to protect against predators. Mastery of this disguise allows animals to achieve maximum resemblance to their environment.
Some species of animals can change their color depending on the season. For example, Arctic foxes or partridges that live in the tundra have a patronizing brown color in summer and white in winter. This allows them to merge with stones, earth, vegetation in summer, and with snow in winter. It is worth mentioning the inhabitants of central Russia - hares, weasels, foxes, ermines. They also change their coat color twice a year. Some species of insects also have seasonal coloration. For example, a leafy, which is very similar to a leaf of a tree, is green in summer and yellow-brown in winter.
Lizards can also change their color. The most famous lizard in the world that can instantly change its color is the chameleon. The ability to change the pattern of their body and its color makes chameleons one of the most unique animals on Earth. The peculiar physiological characteristics allow these lizards to take on yellow, then red, and sometimes purple colors. Chameleons often turn dark brown or even black. It is curious that such changes can occur both on the entire body of the lizard, and in its individual parts. Often, these reptiles can show certain spots and stripes on themselves. By the way, it has been proven that a chameleon changes its color only due to external factors (irritation, fright, bad mood), and not constantly!
However, masters of protective camouflage are not only on land, but also in water. Some fish are able to change their color when changing any background surrounding them. One of these fish is the flounder. In general, flounder is the general name for several types of flat fish that live both in the seas and in rivers. The body of these creatures is strongly flattened, and their eyes are located above and next to each other. These fish can change the color of their body in a matter of seconds, merging with the soil of the sea or river bottom. The color of the flounder is changed due to her vision: what surrounding colors she sees, so her body is covered. If she closes her eyes with something, then the color of her body will not change at all. In addition to flounder, seahorses, sea needles, thalassomas, etc. can change their color.
Another unique underwater "conspirator" is the octopus shellfish. It has been proven that some species of these creatures, in case of danger, skillfully disguise themselves as ground of any color and of any complexity. Other animals also masterfully approach this: representatives of crustaceans (crabs, some types of crayfish), amphibians (frogs, newts), arachnids (spiders, scorpions).