Each cat has some characteristics that make it belong to a particular breed. When choosing a kitten, you need to be able to distinguish between these signs, so that later it turns out that you paid a lot of money for a mongrel cat.
There are 6-7 main breed groups of cats. The difference in numbers is explained by the different approaches to classification in the Russian and Western phenological associations. But the main breed groups are the same. Breed groups include different breeds of cats that share a common trait, but may generally differ from one another.
Persian breed group PER. Cats of this type have long hair, different colors, flat muzzles. These are calm animals that only cause problems with grooming.
Exotic breed group EXO. The Exots are similar to the Persian group in the pomp of the coat. But they have a more pronounced flattened muzzle.
Semi-long-haired group. The coat of such cats is not as thick as that of the Persians. Outstanding representatives of this group are Siberian, Kurilian Bobtail, Maine Coon and others.
Short-haired group. It includes the cats of the most popular breeds today. The coat of such cats is rather dense, but with a short nap. Outwardly, they may not have anything in common with each other, because this group includes both the British Shorthair and the Abyssinian cat breed. Their common feature can only be peacefulness, calm character, good adaptation in any conditions.
Siamese oriental group. This group includes cats with a pronounced oriental appearance: graceful and slanting. Moreover, the color of cats in this group is not limited to the usual coffee color. Oriental breeds can have a wide variety of fur colors. But the character of these breeds is demanding, they love company and do not tolerate familiar treatment. The most famous cat breeds are Siamese, Thai, Oriental.
Hairless group. As you might guess from the name, it includes "bald" cats - the Canadian Sphynx, Don Sphynx, Peterbald. The standard for the breed is the complete absence of body hair. The body of the cat is strong and muscular, with thin legs and a graceful neck. The head is elongated, with large ears.