Castration inevitably becomes an ordeal for a cat. If the owners decide on this, their direct responsibility is to make sure that the operation is as painful as possible for the animal.
The cat must be properly prepared for castration. During the operation, the bladder and digestive tract of the animal must be empty, therefore, 12 hours before the castration, the cat should not be fed, and even water for an hour.
If the doctor after the operation has treated the wound with a spray "Terramycin" or "Alumazol", they remain on the skin for a while, in this case, there is no need to treat the wound. If there was no such treatment, the wound must be washed with 3% hydrogen peroxide or furacilin solution, dissolving one tablet in a glass of water. It is not recommended to treat the wound with brilliant green or an alcohol solution of iodine, they can dry out the skin.
To prevent the cat from disturbing the wound by licking it, he needs to put on a special collar around his neck, which will not allow him to reach the back of the body. They take off the collar only for the meal. Care must be taken that the cat does not rub the back of the body on the floor.
The tray filler used at this time should be soft so as not to disturb the wound. It is better if it is white or at least a light shade, in this case the owners will be able to immediately notice the bleeding that has begun.
The owners should be alerted by the increase in the body temperature of the animal. The normal temperature for a cat is 38-39 ° C. In the first three days, it will inevitably be increased, but if the temperature has not dropped even on the fourth day, this is a reason for an urgent appeal to the veterinarian. Moreover, you need to show the animal to the doctor if the wound began to fester. In this case, the veterinarian will prescribe an antibiotic.
On the first day after the operation, there may be a decrease in temperature (less than 37 degrees), while the animal is sleeping. The cat needs to be warmed by applying a heating pad and rubbing its paws. If this does not help, the cat still does not move and does not wake up, it is necessary to urgently call the veterinarian or take the cat to the clinic.
It is also necessary to take the cat to the clinic if the seam begins to bleed.
After castration, the cat may suffer from constipation. Stool retention is inevitable during the first two to three days after anesthesia, but if the cat has no stool for more than four days, it is necessary to give him a laxative. Of course, you cannot do this without first consulting the veterinarian, only he can choose the appropriate drug, taking into account the health status and characteristics of the organism of a particular animal.