Cat lovers often wonder about keeping their pets healthy. Visits to the veterinarian and annual vaccinations protect against various diseases. But there are also diseases that are transmitted from cats to humans.
Diseases transmitted from animals to humans are called zooanthroponoses. Cats can infect humans with some types of helminths, viral, bacterial and fungal infections.
Ringworm is spread both from animals to humans and vice versa. Mycobacteria are ubiquitous in our environment. With good immunity, the body independently copes with this type of fungus, and it does not appear in humans. If the human body is exhausted, stressed, then the immune status decreases and the person can get sick. Personal hygiene reduces the risk of illness. Vaccinating cats every year will prevent this disease from occurring.
A large number of people are infected with helminths from cats. The most common diseases are ascariasis, dipylidiosis and nematodyrosis. Many types of helminthic infestations appear in animals from eating raw meat and fish. Fleas, ticks and lice are carriers of many helminths. It is simple to protect yourself and the animal from helminths: 3-4 times a year it is necessary to deworm all animals and all people in your family.
Viral diseases are the most dangerous for humans. Rabies is considered the most unsafe and fatal disease. Rabies vaccination in Russia for animals is free of charge. To do this, you must contact the regional state veterinary clinic or station for the fight against animal diseases.
Toxoplasmosis and chlamydia are the second most dangerous diseases for humans. The only protection of animals from infection is the quarterly deworming and annual vaccination of all pets.
There are a number of rules, following which, you will protect your animals and yourself from these diseases. Feed your animals only high-quality food, do not give them raw foods, but only boiled meat and fish.
Vaccinate your cat with a polyvalent vaccine in time. When a new animal comes into the house, test it for infections. Do not take sick animals into the house, they will infect those pets that you have.
Observe safety measures when dealing with wild animals (mice, rats, ferrets, squirrels). They can be infected with rabies.
If you are bitten by a cat or other animal, immediately contact the emergency room or veterinary laboratory, where you will be given an injection of an antiviral drug that will protect you from a possible rabies virus.