With the expansion of the possibilities of diagnosing diseases of internal organs in dogs, it became clear that liver diseases in them are quite common. Various types of hepatopathies cause many deaths. Your dog can only be correctly diagnosed by a professional veterinarian, therefore, due to the severity of these diseases, all prescriptions should be followed under his supervision.
Therapy of acute hepatopathy consists in maintaining the life of the animal's body with medication until the regeneration of liver cells begins. After eliminating the causes of the disease, the regeneration process begins within 10-12 days. Treatment is carried out in three directions: stopping hepatonecrisis, improving the condition of the liver, restoring its functions with the elimination of concomitant symptoms. To do this, intravenously inject at least 30 mg of "Prednisolone" per day, stimulate diuresis with mannitol, which contributes to the decompression of edema. Intravenously inject a glucose solution with hemodez at a ratio of 20: 1, choline chloride and glutamic acid. For oxy-gene therapy, infuse "Alvezin". To stop the formation of ammonia in the dog's body, it needs to cleanse the intestines while taking antibiotics. It is better that the application of medications be as long as possible, up to several hours. Calculate the total amount of medications at the rate of 30-50 mg per kg of dog weight.
In chronic hepatopathy, your dog will need to rest first. Eliminate all kinds of outdoor games and sports. Switch it to a diet low in protein, easily digestible fats and easily digestible carbohydrates. Give your obese dog a diet low in calories. To avoid problems with bowel movements, give her a decoction of flaxseed or glycerin. Bifidumbacterin and antibiotics will help get rid of putrefactive processes in the stomach and intestines, stop the formation of ammonia. Regardless of the size of the dog, she needs to inject Prednisolone, starting at 30 mg per day and until the transaminase activity levels return to normal. After that, reduce the dose by half and then reduce it, injecting 5 mg less every 5 days. After the dose reaches 5 mg, inject 2.5 mg daily for 1-2 months. Inject silibinin, electrolytes, and glucose. Give the animal vitamins: Bi, B6, Bi2 and E, as well as choleretic drugs.
In case of liver cirrhosis, inject vitamins Bi, B6, Bi2 and E silibinin, "Sirepar", injections of glucocorticoid hormones. Give a diuretic periodically. If diuretics do not work, then laparocentesis will need to be used to release fluid.