Turkeys are the largest poultry - with proper fattening, they can reach a weight of 17-20 kg, turkeys - 9-11 kg. The meat of this bird is very useful because it is rich in proteins and low in fat and cholesterol.
Many people mistakenly believe that turkeys should be fed in the same way as chickens. But turkeys eat very differently. Their feeders should be shaped to prevent spillage and the water should be supplied in buckets. For feeding, use dry feed (grain and compound feed) and wet mash (pre-soaked and swollen rye grains).
In the cold season (autumn and winter) feed the turkeys three times a day, in the warm (spring and summer) - 4-5 times. In the morning and at night, give the bird grain, and the morning grain every other day should be served with sprouts.
Offer a moist mash to the turkeys during the day. In summer, add herbs and grass to mealy forage, and in autumn and winter - chopped hay and grass flour. It is especially useful in winter to give dried nettles, which contain a lot of vitamin C. Tie them in bunches and dry them in utility rooms under a roof.
The most valuable component of turkey winter diets is silage made from dairy maize. Harvest it in the fall, and add it to the mash in winter. In winter, be sure to feed the turkeys with carrots in any form - the best dietary food. In addition to carrots, offer the birds rowan berries or pine needles, spruce, fir, rich in carotene and vitamin C.
In the summer, be sure to release the turkeys to the pasture so that the birds have the opportunity to eat insects, larvae, plant seeds, as it happens in natural conditions. If there is no pasture, then hang the green food in bunches on nails or simply put it in nursery troughs so that the turkeys can eat it freely.
Adult birds (weighing 4 kg and productivity 18-20 eggs) should receive 120 g of grain, 120 g of boiled potatoes, 50 g of flour mixture, 30 g of hay flour, 70 g of juicy feed or greens, 15 g of cake, 10 g of shells per day or chalk, 0, 6 g of salt, 5 g of bone meal.
In the breeding season, feed the turkeys 4-5 times a day, and separate the males from the females and feed them in the morning and in the evening with cottage cheese, sprouted grain, and carrots.
In the first days after birth, offer chicks hard-boiled and boned eggs in semolina. On the third day of life, you can give chopped greens, for example, chopped green onions, but you should only give them in the morning, since onions are very thirsty. From the age of two weeks, turkey poults are offered dry, full-fledged compound feeds, placing them in the feeder once a day (only during daylight hours).
Feed the poults 8 times a day for the first two weeks, try to do this at regular intervals. From an early age, chicks willingly eat greens, so give more greens of clover, nettle, beet and carrot tops, cabbage leaves. At one month old, chicks should eat 6 times a day, and then 5 times. Arrange the first feed at 5 am, the last at 8 pm.