Canaries are beautiful and unpretentious birds. Many people keep them as pets. Young canaries quickly get used to a person and, with proper care, delight the owners with their beautiful appearance and amazing singing. However, it should be noted that only males can sing beautifully, and females only chirp. It is very difficult to distinguish a female canary from a male, sometimes even experienced poultry farmers make mistakes. But still, there are several distinguishing features by which you can determine the sex of a bird.
Pick up the bird carefully. Do not squeeze it too hard, as you may harm it. Turn the canary over on its back so that you can clearly see its belly. Blow lightly on the feathers in the lower belly of the bird. In male canaries, the cloaca looks like a small tube, at the end of which small feathers are visible. In females, this place is completely flat and covered with fluff.
Swipe your finger across the belly of the bird. If the canary presses its paws, then this behavior is typical for females. If the bird begins to jerk its legs, then most likely it is a male. But this method of determination is extremely inaccurate, and it is impossible to determine one hundred percent of the sex of the bird.
Pay attention to how the bird chirps. The female makes certain abrupt sounds, and the male begins to slightly inflate the goiter and make longer and deeper sounds.
Wait until the chicks have their first molt. Immediately after the first molt, males will start giving themselves away with their various trills. Females do not know how to sing beautifully, so they only coo and “assent” to the males. The male's song has several knees, the more there are, the more the male is valued. Some females may try to sing, but their sounds are muffled and very similar to normal cooing and chirping. It is not possible to determine the sex of the canary during the molting process by singing, since at this time the male does not sing, and if he does, it is very bad, and he can be confused with the female.
If you failed to distinguish a female canary from a male by the methods listed above, then wait until the bird grows up and is ready for nesting. At this time, the female will actively begin to build a nest, sit in it and coo, thereby attracting the attention of the canary. Of course, males can also take part in the construction of the nest, but it is the female who will show more interest, and the male will try to entertain his girlfriend with beautiful singing.